Tennis balls

Tennis 2

The game of tennis (more properly known as lawn tennis) was developed in the 1870s from the game of royal or real tennis, which has been played for centuries. While both games are similar, in that they are both based on two or four players opposing each other from different sides of a net hitting a ball back and forth, the type and size of court, method of scoring, etc., are very different.

Real tennis balls have been traditionally made from a spherical stitched envelope of leather or cloth stuffed with rags, horsehair or similar material, while tennis balls have always been based on rubber.

From the beginning of lawn tennis in the 1870s, India rubber, made from a vulcanisation process invented by Charles Goodyear in the 1850s, was used to manufacture lawn tennis balls.

Originally tennis balls were made solely of rubber, but the wearing and playing properties of the balls were improved by covering them with flannel stitched around the rubber 'core'. The ball was quickly developed by making the core hollow and pressurising it with gas. Originally, core manufacture was based on the 'clover-leaf' principle whereby uncured rubber sheet was stamped into a shape resembling a three-leaf clover and this was assembled into a roughly spherical space by machinery adapted for the purpose. Chemicals generating pressurising gas were added prior to closing the assembly and these were activated on moulding the core to a spherical shape in heated cavities. The process was used for many years until the precision of the game demanded a higher degree of uniformity (particularly relating to wall thickness) than could be obtained with the clover-leaf method. Now it is usual to compression mould two separate 'half-shells' which are assembled together to produce a 'core'. The original flannel cloth was replaced by special 'melton' cloth made specifically for the purpose and the stitching has been replaced by a vulcanised rubber seam.

Historically, balls were either black or white in colour, depending on the background colour of the courts. In 1972 the ITF introduced yellow tennis balls into the rules of tennis, as research had shown these balls to be more visible to television viewers. Meanwhile Wimbledon continued to use the traditional white ball, but eventually adopted yellow balls in 1986.

Until high altitude balls were introduced into the rules in 1989, only one type of tennis ball was allowed. The Type 1 and Type 3 balls were introduced into the rules in 2002.

Other properties of the tennis ball have changed over time. The range of forward and return deformations - the change in the ball's diameter under an increasing and decreasing load of 8.165 kg - have varied over the years, reaching their current values in 1996.

For more information on the technical/technological aspect of tennis, click here


Go Team!!!

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The school cross-country team that took part in the 26th National Cross Country Championship for all Government and Non-Government Secondary Schools and Colleges hosted by SM Masin. Male and female teams were divided into 3 different age groups. 4 out of 6 teams from the school managed to bring home Top 6 prizes against the 40 other educational institutions that took part in the Championships. Go team! :p

Kampong Boy

Kampong Boy

A young Kampong Ayer boy enjoying a sunny, lazy Sunday


More than just a boat ride


A private water taxi operator on his way to pick up passangers

This is what I think of every time I get on one of these perahu tambangs (water taxis). Sometimes affectionately known as flying coffins, these long wooden water crafts weave in and out of Kampong Ayer and under the stilted houses at blazing speeds. The image of water taxis roaring up and down the Brunei river is synonymous with Kampong Ayer.

These vessels are still made in the same traditional way as their forefathers used to practice although there is the danger of it becoming a lost art as less and less Kampong Ayer youth prefer to undertake water taxi operation as an occupation.


Generation gap


An elderly resident of Kampong Ayer with her grandson enjoying a lazy Sunday morning

People have lived in Kampong Ayer for over 1300 years. Antonio Pigafetta dubbed it the Venice of the East when the fleet of Ferdinand Magellan visited in 1521. The district is a culturally important part of Brunei that preserves the nation's river dwelling origins. According to geography professor Abdul Aziz of the Universiti Brunei Darussalam, this is the largest and most famous water settlement of Southeast Asia. "It was historically the very core of Brunei and one of the most important centres of trade in Borneo."

The Water Village (Malay: Kampong Ayer) is a municipality of Brunei Darussalam's capital city Bandar Seri Begawan. 30,000 people live in the Water Village. This represents roughly ten percent of the nation's total population. All of the Water Village buildings are constructed on stilts above the Brunei River.

The Water Village is really made up of small villages linked together by more than 29,140 metres of foot-bridges, consisting of over 4200 structures including homes, mosques, restaurants, shops, a school, and a hospital. 36 kilometers of boardwalks connect the buildings. Private water taxis provide rapid transit. Most of these taxis resemble long wooden speed boats. From a distance the water village looks like a slum. It actually enjoys modern amenities including air conditioning, satellite television, Internet access, plumbing, and electricity. Some of the residents keep potted plants and chickens. The district has a unique architectural heritage of wooden homes with ornate interiors.

Taken from: wikipedia.org


Definition of love

Definition of love


noun 1 an intense feeling of deep affection. 2 a deep romantic or sexual attachment to someone. 3 a great interest and pleasure in something. 4 a person or thing that one loves. 5 (in tennis, squash, etc.) a score of zero. apparently from the phrase play for love (i.e. the love of the game, not for money).

source: askoxford.com


From last week...


I actually forgot I had this in the folder during the macro outing at Tasek with airbiscuit and headache a couple of weeks back. I do not have the slightest clue what this thing is and what it's called...sorry zul..not wiki for you this time :p


Apparently this is the ixora plant commonly found in Asia especially India. Most popularly known as West Indian Jasmine, the Ixora plant, especially the red ones are frequently used in Hindu worship as well as traditional Indian folk medicine.

source: wikipedia


Zoom Zoom Zoom


The rest of the set can be found here

With the potential to reach in excess of 250 km/hr, karts are serious fun! Karts are generally accepted as the stepping stone to higher and more expensive forms of motorsports such as Formula 3 and Formula 1. F1 greats Ayrton Senna and Michael Schumacher both started their legendary racing careers in junior karts. Karts come in two main formulas ; 100cc and 125cc. The 100cc class or Formula A utilises a two stroke engine that can potentially reach a top speed of 140 km/hr, while karts in the 125 cc class can accelerate from 0-60 km/hr in 3.5 seconds, topping out at mind-boggling 185 km/hr, while sitting 2 inches off the ground!

Read more about karting and the history of karting here

Source: wikipedia




A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the order Odonata, the suborder Epiprocta or, in the strict sense, the infraorder Anisoptera. It is characterized by large multifaceted eyes, two pairs of strong, transparent wings, and an elongated body.

Dragonflies typically eat mosquitoes, midges, and other small insects like flies, bees, and butterflies. They are therefore valued as predators, since they help control populations of harmful insects. Dragonflies are usually found around lakes, ponds, streams and wetlandslarvae, known as "nymphs", are aquatic. Dragonflies do not normally bite or sting humans, though they will bite in order to escape, if grasped by the abdomen.

Source: wikipedia


Another first round loss


Picture shows a player from SM S. Hassan (in blue) challenging for the ball against a SM S Abu Bakar defender (in yellow). SMSAB won the match 1-0.

The under 15s from my school also lost in the first round for the second year in a row, going down to a single goal early into the second half. The defence was outstanding, especially the two center-backs. Both put in stellar performances, only to be let down by the other players around them. Strikers were off their mark during the game, failing to take advantage of the numerous chances presented to them. I can probably make up for it when the under 17s play next on the 8th. Let's just hope history doesn't repeat itself..

The rest of the images here


Cheese, sir?

Click on the image to view the LARGE version

Another shot using the 150mm taken last nite. Im still learning how to get to grips with the lens properly. DoF is sooo thin at close distances, finding the focus point on the subject is quite tricky. I can't imagine how difficult it's gonna be with moving subjects... :s